Glaucoma is a disease caused by increased intraocular pressure (IOP) resulting either from an overproduction of fluid or from a malfunction of the eye's drainage structures. Left untreated, an elevated IOP causes irreversible damage to the optic nerve and retinal fibers, which leads to progressive and permanent vision loss. Early detection and treatment can slow or halt the progression of the disease. The danger of glaucoma lies in its lack of symptoms. Generally, it takes a routine eye exam to detect the disease.
Most patients with glaucoma require only medication to control the eye pressure. Sometimes more than one medication will be prescribed. Surgery is indicated when medical treatment fails to lower the pressure satisfactorily. The purpose of surgery is to allow fluid to drain from the eye more efficiently so IOP is not elevated.
At Ophthalmology Associates of Glen Cove, our Board Certified physicians utilize state of the art equipment to diagnose glaucoma at its earliest stage. With early detection and treatment, glaucoma can often be managed successfully, thereby reducing the chance of blindness.